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Zygomycota (conjugated fungi) have a multicellular body structure; features include zygospores and presence in soil; examples … Recent studies showed that some fungi are able to degrade herbicides, insecticides ( Oliveira et al., 2015 ) … The spores of many terrestrial fungi are carried into water by rain, and so may be isolated by conventional mycological techniques. In fact, fungi are one of the only organisms that are able to break down tough plant structural compounds such as lignin, tannins, and cellulose, and as such play a crucial role in aquatic plant matter decomposition. Solved Examples for You. Question: Write a note on Deuteromycetes. Fungi reproduced by vegetative, asexual, and sexual means. Reproduction of Fungi. Zygomycota (conjugated fungi) produce non-septated hyphae with many nuclei. Chytridiomycota (Chytrids) may have a unicellular or multicellular body structure; some are aquatic with motile spores with flagella; an example is the Allomyces. It is therefore necessary to define carefully the term aquatic fungus. The fungi then use the resulting simple sugars and amino acids to grow. Fungi Another decomposer found underwater and on land, fungi vary in size from being a small microdecomposer to certain mushrooms that grow bigger than small mammals. Examples: Alternaria, Helminthosporium, Collectotrichum, Trichodenna etc. For Amphibious fungi they live in streams. Answer: They are imperfect fungi because we only know about the asexual or vegetative phases of these fungi. They are mostly aquatic, and their gametes are the only fungal cells known to have flagella. Their taxonomy and identification have traditionally been based on the morphology and development of asexually produced spores (mitospores or conidia). Aquatic Organisms: Microorganisms Microorganisms include members of the plant kingdom, protozoa, bacteria, and fungi. For example, aquatic fungi can sequester greater amounts of heavy metals than bacteria (Massaccesi et al., 2002), and outweigh bacteria in biomass (Findlay and Arsuffi, 1989). Yet others may have a transient aquatic existence, possibly brought on a substratum by wind or swept by floods into water. Some chemicals found in fungi are used as medicines when formulated correctly. Lentinan and eritadenine may be helpful as well. Penetrating their substrates, aquatic ascomycetes release enzymes that break down the ligno-cellulose of plant cell walls, the pectins that hold cells together, and starch stored in plant tissues. When underwater, fungi are typically microscopic, though once they begin decomposing a plant or an animal, they grow a thick, visible gelatinous layer around the organic matter. Holocarpic fungi They come in all shapes and sizes. They include Amphibious fungi and Aero-aquatic. Chytridiomycota (chytrids) are considered the most primitive group of fungi. These organisms differ radically, and share only their small size; most are not visible without a microscope, though colonies of some can be seen with the naked eye. Aquatic hyphomycetes (also known as freshwater hyphomycetes, amphibious fungi or Ingoldian fungi) are a polyphyletic group of true fungi (Bärlocher, 1992a; Belliveau & Bärlocher, 2005). In these two types there are smaller groups that are developed in different habitats. Some members are saprophytes or parasites. Through this, they help prevent the buildup of nutrients in your pond, thus promoting healthy water quality. They reproduce both sexually and asexually; the asexual spores are called zoospores. Aquatic Fungi. The asexual reproduction predominant which Depends upon the involvement of the entire thallus or a part of it, the fungi can be holocarpic or eucarpic. These fungi are aquatic ascomycetes. There is a bounty of fungi around these waters. Examples include penicillin, lovastatin, and cyclosporine. 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