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The CIG member should top-up the balance when the balance is exhausted. With a little external support, by initiating small farm enterprises, the tribal communities in Andhra Pradesh have shown that it is possible to improve health and livelihoods. With all the households of the village rearing backyard poultry, the traditional culture of rearing native chicken breeds has come alive at PedaKodapalli village. However, it often involves large-scale commercially produced crossbreeds. It took about six months to complete the process. With WASSAN as the Lead Technical Agency (LTA),  the programme has been initiated in 129 clusters of the 5 districts of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East and West Godavari. WASSAN, Desi Poultry – Project Brief, 2017, WASSAN. The interventions include improvement to production systems, vaccination and healthcare services, establishment of a breeding farm enterprise and setting up of CIG (Common Interest Group) poultry fund at the cluster level. 204, 100 Feet Ring Road, 3000 (Rs 2700 towards construction of night shelter for chicken and Rs 300 towards purchase of five 45-day old chicks) to initiate backyard poultry. E-mail: leisaindia@yahoo.co.in, Copyright©2020 Leisa India, All Rights Reserved. 2018, Center for Science and Environment, New Delhi. Modern poultry is one of the fastest growing industries across the world. In addition, social networks of likeminded individuals, friends, act as another source of information to the members. 100 is towards one-time membership fee and the remaining Rs. The BYP breeding farm became operational in May 2017 with 60 birds. The BYP breeder farm became a game changer with native chicken breeds being produced and supplied locally. Also, the chicken and eggs, produced in the backyards are healthy compared to commercially produced chicken, thus ensuring better health to the families. Backyard Poultry – A success story of a tribal start-up Kanna K. Siripurapu, Aneetha Kanukolanu, Sabyasachi Das and Chandrasekhar Nemani Backyard poultry with native breeds is easy to manage, less risky and can generate better incomes, for the poor households. Koda, till now, has sold 480 one-month old chicks to 86 CIG members at the price of Rs. GOI, 19thLivestock Census, 2012 – All India Report, 2012, Ministry of Agriculture Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi. In this context, in 2016, the Department of Animal Husbandry (DAH) and the Tribal Welfare Department (TWD) of the Government of Andhra Pradesh (AP) designed the Rural Desi Backyard Poultry (BYP) programme with the objective of improving the income and nutrition of 13000 Adivasi households. Chicken droppings are recycled as manure for the crops, thus enhancing soil fertility. Traditionally, backyard poultry comprising mainly the native breeds adapted well to the local and varying climatic conditions, accounted for 70 per cent of meat and egg production in the country. An amount of Rs. It could be promoted either commercially or as part of an integrated model involving small and marginal farmers across the country, especially in the rainfed areas. Since deployment of para-veterinarians, the adoption of prescribed health care practices has increased reducing the mortality rate of chickens. Consequently, Common Interest Groups (CIG) were formed. Selected members, preferably women, were trained for 2 – 3 days on health care practices related to chicken and other livestock. In over three decades, poultry in India has moved rapidly from the backyard (BY) to intensive commercial production. BYP has tremendous potential and is ideal to augment the income and nutrition of small and marginal farmers. 2 is deducted from the CIG member pre-paid amount (Rs.200 paid during enrolment), every time a bird is treated for a disease or infection. 200 is a pre-paid amount paid to avail health care services for the birds. A mandatory fee of Rs.300 is paid by all the members, of which Rs. Backyard poultry with native breeds is easy to manage, less risky and can generate better incomes, for the poor households. The nearest government veterinary clinic is located at Paderu, around 15 kms from the village, making health services inaccessible to the local communities. No. Twenty five years ago, in 1982, AME was set up in The Netherlands, in response to worldwide concerns regarding environmental degradation, in the wake of the Green Revolution. The local communities are able to consume eggs and meat produced in their backyard, on a regular basis. The authors would like to acknowledge the efforts of the Department of Animal Husbandry (DoAH), Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA), and all the facilitating agencies associated with BYP in Andhra Pradesh for their constant support. Tel: +91-080- 2669 9512, Watershed Support Services and Activities Network (WASSAN). However, they had to discontinue it for various reasons – lack of supply of native chicken breeds, predation owing to lack of proper night shelters, high mortality rate due to lack of access to health care facilities and lack of knowledge. Information and knowledge for services related to health care and best management practices are being supported by LAYA and WASSAN. Community mobilization meetings were organized especially with women and self-help groups (SHGs) to explain the details of the BYP programme. Desi chicken has surely made a comeback in PedaKodapalii village. To overcome this problem, the project decided to train local para-veterinarians. A Breeder Farm was established to ensure local production and regular supply of desi chicken to local CIG members. Each household reared at least 5 – 10 chicken in their backyard. An amount of Rs 2 is paid to the para-veterinarian for their services, thereby generating employment to the local people. Each CIG household was supported with Rs. Bangalore – 560 085, India Koda allocated half-an-acre of his land for the farm. Accessed online: http://www.wassan.org/desipoultry/page_1.htm. PedaKodapalli is a village in Pedabayalu mandal, with 102 households. The process was initiated in the second half of the year 2016. Besides CIG members, the desi chicken were also sold in the domestic markets. The present article showcases the experience of the project implemented in PedaKodapalli village in Visakhapatnam district. It migrated to Pondicherry, India, in 1986, intensifying its hands-on training in sustainable agriculture. +91-080- 2669 9522 80/- per chick. Although large-scale intensive commercial poultry production has tremendously increased the availability of meat and eggs in the country, it has also had serious health and environmental consequences. In 2017, around 65% of  Koda’s family income was generated from the Breeder Farm. Antonio Herrando, a 25 year old poultry farmer, has chosen the turnkey houses made by Gandaria, a Silos Cordoba’s group company, for his great personal projet: raising chickens on a farm located in Alameda de la Sagra … With the establishment of Breeding Farm, not only are chicks accessible to the households, the entrepreneurs are also able to make a decent living by selling chicks and chicken. 3rd Phase, Banashankari 2nd Block, 3rd Stage, AME was transformed into a charitable Indian Trust, as AME Foundation, in 2001. AME Foundation is a resource organization, motivated by a deep-going concern for improving the farm livelihoods in fragile ecosystems. Mr. Koda Abbaidora, a CIG member of PedaKodapalii village offered to start the BYP breeder farm and supply chicks to the CIG members. With a growing realization of the importance of rehabilitating the resource poor farmers in fragile dry farming situations, it moved on to the Deccan Plateau, based in Bangalore, in 1994. He invested Rs.30000, while the project supported to the tune of Rs.96,500, for establishing the breeder farm. The amount was used for the infrastructure, which included construction of an enclosure/pen, fencing, purchase of water and feed dispensers, purchase of birds, purchase of feed for a year etc. Veterinary doctors of the local veterinary clinic and staff of the facilitating agency and WASSAN served as resource persons for training the para-veterinarians. Around 45 black chicks and 11 chicken were sold, providing a return of Rs.11,650. Majority of them are poor depending on agriculture and wage labour for their livelihoods. The small-scale, often free ranging, backyard poultry (BYP) is still the widespread animal production system in India. CSE, FST Report: Antibiotic Resistance in Poultry Environment. It has the potential to alleviate rural poverty, eradicate malnutrition and create employment opportunities too. Eggs were sold only to a few select customers, as Koda preferred selling chicks over eggs. During the second half of 2016, WASSAN started working in this village, with the field support from LAYA, the local NGO. Powered by. Thereafter, the communities relied mostly on commercially produced broiler chicken meat and eggs for their consumption needs. Some households were rearing poultry in their backyards, in the past. Two para-veterinarians serve every 100 households. Poultry farming success story: a young poultry farmer from the feed mill Avimosa who continues the family saga with a poultry facility made by Gandaria-Silos Córdoba. 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