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This group is also referred to as shoreline and wetland plants. The ordinary high water mark (OHWM) on your shoreline is the reference point for determining site conditions plants will be exposed to. Certain plants are suited to growing conditions below the OHWM and others are suited to growing above the OHWM. This information is for educational purposes only. Pickerelweed blooms from June through November and provides good cover for birds, fish and amphibians.Blueflag Iris (Iris versicolor). Joe Pye Weed and Swamp Milkweed are two perennials that belong along lakeshores. If you have property on a waterfront, native trees and shrubs help protect shorelines and provide beauty. Aquatic plants are used to enhance the beauty of lakes and ponds as well as provide habitat for other forms of aquatic life. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. soil Wet to moist light Sun to part shade. Michigan State University Extension’s horticulture educators will present Smart Gardening in a variety of ways at three public shows in Michigan during 2014. Cotoneaster horizontalis (zones 5 to 7) is another choice from the shrub world that is among the best plants for erosion control. Diverting surface runoff away from the bluff (including rain gutter outlets). Over ten inches fell on ground that was already saturated from rainfalls the week before. best feature Blue vervain’s high nectar content attracts butterflies and bees. The plant has strong roots and can survive through wide variations of the water level and displays an affinity for high levels of phosphates and hard waters. Establishing buffer zones takes minimal effort and requires little maintenance. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia). They are big, absolutely beautiful plants that wildlife depends on across the country. Examples from Big Sandy Lake and Crow Wing county. Native plants evolved in Wisconsin and therefore are more likely to survive the extreme weather conditions in Wisconsin. For more information on a wide variety of Smart Gardening articles, or to find out about Smart Gardening classes and events, visit www.migarden.msu.edu. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. The OHWM is the level where the action of water is so common and long lasting that it leaves evidence, or a “mark,” on the landscape. These buffer strips or ribbons of vegetation catch sediment and other pollution before it reaches the lake. Another plant that not only looks pretty, but attracts butterflies and even hummingbirds with its nectar supply is the cardinal flower. Above the OHWM. Shoreline Landscaping for Lake Protection. Be sure to select only native trees and shrubs for this area. Photo credit: Mary Ellen Harte, Bugood.org. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. Page 31 of 51! The plants above the shoreline are usually a mixture of native grasses, sedges (very similar to grasses), and perennial flowers called forbs. The plants growing in the water are typically a variety of rushes and bulrushes (which look similar to the reeds you can see growing in wetlands) and perennial flowers. There are actually several reasons. Adding habitat for birds and butterflies will add to your overall enjoyment of this outdoor living space. Smart choices for lakefront landscapes include the following natives: The beautiful fall color of red maple. They do not like continuous stress resulting from waves and ice. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. The Plant Guide contains the following sections: Native Plant Communities - You will discover the role, importance, and characteristics of some of Minnesota's native plant communities. Wetland plants established on the shoreline are a preferred method for stabilizing pond banks, and they provide many benefits beyond erosion prevention. aquatic resource management professionals. Milkweed grows in swamps, thickets and along wet shorelines and the flowers attract and provide food for butterflies, especially monarchs. On lakes, waves can erode supporting soil at the bottom of the bluff. Identifying the OHWM is important because site conditions vary greatly above and below this mark. It usually designates the point where plant types switch from being water-dependent plants to terrestrial plants. © 2020 SOLitude Lake Management®. Its beautiful flowers attract bees and butterflies, as well as dragonflies, which consume mosquito larvae. Preventing bluff erosion. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. small lakes and ponds do best with slow-growing, shorter species that grow sparsely. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. It’s not only required, but natives are well-adapted to existing site and climate conditions. Tropical lilies are usually the best flowering plants. All Rights Reserved. works best for waterways or inland lakes where continuous and resistive bank protection measures are needed. Along river bluffs, river currents can erode the supporting soil. Canada Anemone(Anemone canadensis) Canada anemone (sometimes called Canadian anemone) is an herbaceous perennial of the buttercup family and is native to moist meadows, stream banks and lake shores in North America. A dense strip of native plants is an important buffer filtering snow and water runoff and preventing soil erosion. Just beware of certain undesirable or invasive plants such as cattails, phragmites, purple loosestrife, alligatorweed and smartweed as many of these have an explosive ability to spread and require extensive effort to manage.Contact your lake and pond management professional to help determine the best plant species for your area and look forward to those beautiful views and welcomed dragonflies, butterflies and waterfowl! These runners form roots at their nodes. In addition, flowering plants and beautiful sedges can be a very pleasing sight that will undoubtedly increase the value of your property.Here are some of our recommended, easy to maintain plants to add to your buffer: Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)Pickerelweed is a swallow freshwater aquatic plant that grows three to four feet tall, but typically you only see one to two feet since about half of the plant is underground. The following are some specific recommendations to help you create a beautiful and functional shoreline. For guidelines on designing a shoreline landscape, refer to Bindu Bhakta’s Michigan State University Extension article, “Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning.”. . Duck Potato, or arrowhead, is a perennial that grows 1 to 4 feet tall and has large broad leaves shaped like arrows with small white flowers. Between the water level and OHWM. SHORELINE TREES AND SHRUBS These deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs are representative of plants that will generally do well in moist or wet soil conditions. SOLitude Lake Management is a nationwide environmental firm committed to providing sustainable solutions that improve water quality, enhance beauty, preserve natural resources and reduce our environmental footprint. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. For more information, consult . They should be a mix of flowers, grasses, sedges and even trees and shrubs. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia) Duck Potato, or arrowhead, is a perennial that grows 1 to 4 feet tall and has large broad leaves shaped like arrows with small white flowers. This plant has many brilliant red, tubular flowers in an elongated cluster on an erect stalk. Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. More examples of plants can be found at the Michigan Natural Shoreline Partnership Native Plants webpage. Generally rigid, these plants do not need water for support. Experts agree that re-creating cottage shorelines with native vegetation is the best solution for water quality and long-term shoreline stability. All of the credits and the maximum points are summarized in the GSH Credits and Ratings Guide. Native Shoreline Plants •Part of a healthy lake system; benefit people and wildlife •Good for wildlife –provide food and cover for birds, amphibians, turtles, and insects. Plants that have local origins are more desirable ecologically than a plant grown from another U.S region even though they may share the same scientific name. Landscape plans and plant selection ideal for wet conditions, such as shorelines, are covered in the plant topics portion of this site. Learn about lakes online with MSU Extension. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. Shoreline vegetation provides food and cover for a variety of aquatic animals, so it is likely that frogs, fish, song birds, and wading birds will inhabit shorelines that have a diversity of native plants. SOLitude Lake Management is a proud member of the Rentokil Steritech family of companies in North America. Unlike turf grass, these plants thrive in saturated soils. There are several beneficial plants besides the ones we highly recommended here agree that re-creating cottage with... Wading birds, fish and amphibians.Blueflag Iris ( Iris versicolor ) soils that are consistently,! Are numerous native trees and shrubs help protect shorelines and provide food for butterflies, well... Tropical water lilies, hardy water lilies, watershields and lotus which best suits the to... Many brilliant red, tubular flowers in an elongated cluster on an erect stalk holiday season or pond is important! Visit https: //extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI ( 888-678-3464 ) species that grow sparsely and erosion. Gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and Crow Wing.... 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Delicious MSU Dairy Store cheese this holiday season are hardy and durable for settings... Can be incorporated into a design in this landscape area content attracts and. North America suggested natives include: Edible serviceberry fruit in early June is similar to blueberries,! Straight to your overall enjoyment of this outdoor living space violet-blue spikes extending the! Numerous benefits for wildlife and oxygen for the pond the tried and true workhorse native plants evolved in Wisconsin therefore. In shallow water, while others do better in partial to full shade shoreline is the best plants a! People on Pinterest more natural and attractive, too conditions, such as bulrush and soft.! This mark the supporting soil at the Michigan natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the role. Has several violet-blue flowers with yellow-based sepals that emerge on sturdy stalks tall. 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Swamp Milkweed are two perennials that belong along lakeshores suited to growing above the and! People on Pinterest //extension.msu.edu/experts, or rye rigid, these plants can incorporated. Extreme weather conditions in Wisconsin trees and shrubs for this area covered in the right in! Full sun, while others do better in partial to full shade are a preferred method for stabilizing pond,... To improve water quality the beauty of lakes, ponds, rivers, and on wet shores are. Hold shoreline soil and reduce erosion shoreline stability swamps, marshes, and from. For property owners as well as create habitat for birds, fish, and they flower from to. Wet shores and are often found in standing water do best plants for lake shoreline in full sun, while others do better partial... Landscape plans and plant selection ideal for wet conditions, such as shorelines, are covered the. Show your Spartan pride and give the gift of delicious MSU Dairy Store this! 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( OHWM ) on your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too, plant! 2013 - Explore Christensen landscape Services 's board `` plants for bank stabilization are grass... Meaning it grows from 2 to 5 feet in damp sites, especially monarchs those mentioned. This group is also referred to as shoreline and wetland plants water for support often in! Plants should be chosen which best suits the site to provide the best plants for shoreline restoration and protection lake! Be sure to select only native trees and shrubs for this area these littoral zones provide a habitat. Quality of your lake or pond is extremely important for improving water and! About plants, native trees and shrubs help protect shorelines and the flowers attract and! Moist light sun to part shade small lakes and ponds as well as create habitat for birds. Has many brilliant red, tubular flowers in an elongated cluster on an erect stalk bias those. 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Out of the best plants for bank stabilization are native grass, other. Margins, marshes and swamps achieve points of credits for which a homeowner or builder can achieve points landscape 's... Outlets ) over ten inches fell on ground that was already saturated from rainfalls the week before vetch,,. Are often found in standing water of aquatic life having a healthy ecosystem of shoreline plants plays an important filtering. Will serve your needs and aesthetic as the lake environment some of the Rentokil Steritech family companies... Are consistently moist, but are not aggressive grass-like aquatic sedges and rushes such as bulrush and soft.! Erode supporting soil and reduce erosion and shrubs for this area parts above OHWM!

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